Plant Phytochemistry

Phytonutrient Profile of Gotu Kola
(Centella Asiatica)
75 Natural Phytonutrients
268 Synergistic Activities with No Side Effects!

Gotu Kola



Gotu Kola contains 75 Phytonutrients
* identified thus far by research scientists
PhytonutrientActivities
2,3-DihydrobenzofuranProoxidant
Alpha-HumuleneAntitumor
Alpha-PineneAntiacne, Antifeedant, Antiinflammatory, Antiseptic, Antistaphylococcic, Insecticide, Insectifuge, Insectiphile, P450-2B1-Inhibitor, Sedative, Tranquilizer, Transdermal
Alpha-TerpineolACE-Inhibitor, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Allelopathic, Antiacne, Antiseptic, Insecticide, Nematicide, Sedative, Transdermal, Vulnerary
AluminumAntivaginitic, Candidicide
Ascorbic-AcidAcidulant, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker, AntiAGE, AntiCrohn's, Antiaging, Antiatherosclerotic, Antidecubitic, Antidepressant, Antidote (Aluminum), Antidote (Paraquat), Antiedemic, Antigingivitic, Antihepatotoxic, Antihistaminic, Antihypertensive, Antiinflammatory, Antimeasles, Antimigraine, Antimutagenic, Antiobesity, Antiorchitic, Antioxidant, Antiparkinsonian, Antiseptic, Apoptotic, Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker, Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor, Collagenic, Fistula-Preventive, Hypotensive, Immunostimulant, Mucolytic, Urinary-Acidulant, Vulnerary
Asiatic-AcidCollagenic
AsiaticosideAntiedemic, Antiinflammatory, Antituberculic, Pilogenic, Protisticide, Vulnerary
Aspartic-AcidAntimorphinic, Neuroexcitant, Roborant
AstragalinACE-Inhibitor, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Hypotensive, Immunostimulant
Beta-BisaboleneAntirhinoviral
Beta-CaroteneAntiPMS, Antiacne, Antiaging, Antihyperkeratotic, Antilupus, Antimastitic, Antimutagenic, Antioxidant, Antiphotophobic, Antiporphyric, Antiproliferant, Antistress, Antitumor, Antixerophthalmic, COX-1-Inhibitor, Colorant, Immunostimulant, Interferon-Synergist, Phagocytotic, Prooxidant, Thymoprotective
Beta-ElemeneAnticancer (Cervix), Antigliomic, Antiproliferant, Antitumor (Cervix), Apoptotic
Beta-PineneAntiinflammatory, Antiseptic, Candidicide, Insectifuge, Transdermal
Beta-SesquiphellandreneAntirhinoviral
Beta-SitosterolAndrogenic, Antiadenomic, Anticancer (Cervix), Antiedemic, Antifeedant, Antigonadotrophic, Antihyperlipoproteinaemic, Antiinflammatory, Antimutagenic, Antiophidic, Antioxidant, Antiprostatitic, Antitumor (Cervix), Artemicide, Candidicide, Estrogenic, Hepatoprotective, Spermicide, Ulcerogenic
Betulinic-AcidAnthelmintic, AntiHIV, Antiedemic, Antiinflammatory, Antimelanomic, Antitumor, Apoptotic, Cytotoxic, Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor, Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
BrahminosideCNS-Depressant, Hypertensive, Sedative, Tranquilizer, Uterorelaxant
BrahmosideCNS-Depressant, Hypertensive, Sedative, Tranquilizer, Uterorelaxant
CalciumAntiPMS, Antiallergic, Antianxiety, Antiatherosclerotic, Antidepressant, Antidote (Aluminum), Antihypertensive, Antiinsomniac, Calcium-Channel-Blocker, Hypotensive
CampesterolAntioxidant
CampheneAllelopathic, Antilithic, Antioxidant, Hypocholesterolemic, Insectifuge
CamphorAllelopathic, Antiacne, Antifeedant, Antineuralgic, Antipruritic, Antiseptic, CNS-Stimulant, Carminative, Convulsant, Cosmetic, Deliriant, Ecbolic, Emetic, Epileptigenic, Insectifuge, Nematicide, P450-2B1-Inhibitor, Respirainhibitor, Respirastimulant, Stimulant, Transdermal, Verrucolytic, Vibriocide
Caryophyllene-OxideAntiedemic, Antifeedant, Antiinflammatory, Antitumor, Insecticide
ChromiumAntiAGE, Antiaging, Antiatherosclerotic, Anticorneotic, Antiglycosuric, Antiobesity, Hypotensive, Insulinogenic
CobaltCardiomyopathogenic, Erythrocytogenic, FLavor, Perfumery, Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Delta-CadineneAldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Antiacne, Testosterone-Inducer
Elaidic-AcidAntiinflammatory
FarnesolAntiadenomic, Antimelanomic, Apoptotic, Juvabional, Nematicide, Sedative
FiberAngiotensin-Receptor-Blocker, Antihypertensive, Antiobesity, Antitumor, Hypotensive, Laxative
Gamma-TerpineneACE-Inhibitor, Acaricide, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Antifeedant, Antioxidant, Insectifuge
GeraniolAnthelmintic, Antimelanomic, Antisalmonella, Antiseptic, Antitumor, Antitumor (Pancreas), Ascaricide, CNS-Stimulant, Candidicide, Emetic, Insectifuge, Insectiphile, Mycobactericide, Nematicide, Sedative
Germacrene-DPheromone
GlucoseAntiedemic, Antihepatotoxic, Antiketotic, Memory-Enhancer
Glutamic-AcidAntihyperammonemic, Antiprostatitic, Anxiolytic
GlycineAntialdosteronic, Antigastritic, Antiprostatitic, Antipruritic, Antisickling, Neuroinhibitor
InositolAntidiabetic, Sweetener
IronAntiakathisic, Antianemic
IsoquercitrinACE-Inhibitor, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Antielastase, Antifeedant, Antiinflammatory, Antioxidant, Antitumor, Capillarigenic, Hypotensive, Insectiphile
Kaempferol11B-HSD-Inhibitor, 5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Antiallergic, Antigingivitic, Antihistaminic, Antiimplantation, Antiinflammatory, Antilymphocytic, Antimutagenic, Antioxidant, Antiperiodontic, Antiseptic, Antistaphylococcic, Antitumor, Apoptotic, Choleretic, Copper-Chelator, Cytotoxic, Diaphoretic, Estrogenic, Hepatoprotective, Hypotensive, ICAM-1-Inhibitor, Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor, Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor, MAO-Inhibitor, Mutagenic, NO-Inhibitor, Protisticide, Teratologic, iNOS-Inhibitor
Lignoceric-AcidAntihepatotoxic
LimoneneAChE-Inhibitor, Acaricide, Antifeedant, Antiinflammatory, Antimutagenic, Antiobesity, Antiseptic, Antitumor, Antitumor (Pancreas), Apoptotic, Chemopreventive, Fungiphilic, Histaminic, Insecticide, Insectifuge, Lipolytic, Myorelaxant, Nematicide, Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor, Ozone-Scavenger, Sedative, Transdermal
LinaloolAcaricide, Antiallergic, Antianaphylactic, Anticonvulsant, Antiedemic, Antihistaminic, Antiinflammatory, Antiseptic, Antishock, Bronchorelaxant, Insecticide, Insectifuge, Nematicide, Prooxidant, Sedative, Termitifuge
Linoleic-AcidAntiacne, Antianaphylactic, Antiarteriosclerotic, Antihistaminic, Antiinflammatory, Antiprostatitic, Comedolytic, Hepatoprotective, Insectifuge, Nematicide
MadecassosideAntiedemic, Antiinflammatory
MagnesiumAntiPMS, Antianginal, Antianxiety, Antiatherosclerotic, Anticonvulsant, Antidepressant, Antihypertensive, Antiinflammatory, Antiinsomniac, Antimigraine, Antineurotic, Antistroke, CNS-Depressant, Hypotensive, Insulinogenic, Myorelaxant, Uterorelaxant
ManganeseAntianemic, Antidiscotic, Antidyskinetic
MethanolAntiHIV, Antidote
MyrceneACE-Inhibitor, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Anticonvulsant, Antimutagenic, Antioxidant, Chemopreventive, Insectifuge, Myorelaxant, P450-2B1-Inhibitor
NerolAntiseptic, Sedative
NerolidolAldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Antiacne, Antifeedant, Nematicide
NiacinAntiMeniere's, Antiacrodynic, Antiallergic, Antiamblyopic, Antianginal, Antichilblain, Anticonvulsant, Antihistaminic, Antiinsomnic, Antineuralgic, Antiparkinsonian, Antipellagric, Antiscotomic, Hepatoprotective, Sedative, Serotoninergic
Oleic-AcidAlpha-Reductase-Inhibitor, Anemiagenic, Antiinflammatory, Choleretic, Insectifuge
OxyasiaticosideAntibacterial, Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor, Tumor-Promoter
Palmitic-AcidAntioxidant, Nematicide, Soap
PectinAntimutagenic, Antiobesity, Chemopreventive, Demulcent, Hemostat, Peristaltic
PhellandreneHyperthermic, Irritant, Spasmogenic, Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor, Tumor-Promoter
PhosphorusImmunostimulant
PotassiumAngiotensin-Receptor-Blocker, Antidepressant, Antifatigue, Antihypertensive, Cardiotoxic
PyridineCNS-Depressant
Quercetin11B-HSD-Inhibitor, 5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor, ATPase-Inhibitor, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, AntiCrohn's, AntiGTF, AntiHIV, AntiPMS, Antiaging, Antiallergic, Antialzheimeran, Antianaphylactic, Antiatherosclerotic, Anticarcinomic (Breast), Anticolitic, Anticomplementary, Antidepressant, Antielastase, Antiescherichic, Antifeedant, Antifibrosarcomic, Antigastric, Antihepatotoxic, Antihistaminic, Antihydrophobic, Antihypertensive, Antiinflammatory, Antileishmanic, Antimelanomic, Antiperistaltic, Antiperoxidant, Antipharyngitic, Antipolio, Antiproliferant, Antiprostanoid, Antiprostatitic, Antithiamin, Antitrypanosomic, Antitumor, Antitumor (Skin), Apoptotic, Bacteristat, Calmodulin-Antagonist, Candidicide, Copper-Chelator, Cytotoxic, Diaphoretic, Differentiator, Estrogenic, Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor, Hemostat, Hepatomagenic, Hepatoprotective, Insulinogenic, Juvabional, Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor, MAO-A-Inhibitor, Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor, Muta, P450-Inhibitor, PTK-Inhibitor, Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor, Teratologic, Tumorigenic, Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor, iNOS-Inhibitor
RaffinoseFlatugenic, Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor, Tumor-Promoter
RiboflavinAntidecubitic, Antikeratitic, Antimigraine, Antipellagric, Antiphotophobic
SaponinsAntihepatomic, Antimutagenic
SeleniumAP-1-Inhibitor, Antiacne, Antidandruff, Antidote (Mercury), Antikeshan, Antimelanomic, Antimyalgic, Antioxidant, Antiproliferant, Antitumor, Antitumor (brain), Apoptotic, Immunostimulant, Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
SiliconAntiarteriosclerotic
SodiumHypertensive
Stearic-AcidCosmetic
StigmasterolAntihepatotoxic, Antiinflammatory, Antiophidic, Antioxidant, Artemicide, Estrogenic, Sedative
TanninAnthelmintic, AntiHIV, Antihepatotoxic, Antihypertensive, Antilipolytic, Antimutagenic, Antiophidic, Antioxidant, Antirenitic, Antitumor, Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor, Hepatoprotective, Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor, MAO-Inhibitor, Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
ThiaminAntialzheimeran, Antibackache, Anticardiospasmic, Anticolitic, Antidecubitic, Antifatigue, Antigastritic, Antimigraine, Antimyocarditic, Antineuralgic, Antineurasthenic, Antineuropathic, Insectifuge
TinAntiacne
TolueneEncephalopathic, Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor, Tumor-Promoter
Trans-Beta-FarneseneInsectifuge
ZincACE-Inhibitor, AntiCrohn's, Antiacne, Antialzheimeran, Antianorexic, Antiarthritic, Anticoeliac, Anticolitic, Antidandruff, Antiherpetic, Antiinfective, Antiinsomniac, Antiobesity, Antiprostatitic, Antiseptic, Antispare-Tire, Antitinnitic, Antiviral, Astringent, Deodorant, Hypotensive, Immunostimulant, Insulinogenic, Vulnerary



Gotu Kola exerts 268 Activities on the Body
ActivityPhytonutrients
11b-Hsd-InhibitorKaempferol, Quercetin
5-Lipoxygenase-InhibitorKaempferol, Quercetin
AcaricideGamma-Terpinene, Limonene, Linalool
Ace-InhibitorAlpha-Terpineol, Astragalin, Gamma-Terpinene, Isoquercitrin, Myrcene, Zinc
Ache-InhibitorLimonene
AcidulantAscorbic-Acid
Aldose-Reductase-InhibitorAlpha-Terpineol, Ascorbic-Acid, Astragalin, Delta-Cadinene, Gamma-Terpinene, Isoquercitrin, Kaempferol, Myrcene, Nerolidol, Quercetin
AllelopathicAlpha-Terpineol, Camphene, Camphor
Alpha-Reductase-InhibitorOleic-Acid
AndrogenicBeta-Sitosterol
AnemiagenicOleic-Acid
Angiotensin-Receptor-BlockerAscorbic-Acid, Fiber, Potassium
AnthelminticBetulinic-Acid, Geraniol, Tannin
AntiacneAlpha-Pinene, Alpha-Terpineol, Beta-Carotene, Camphor, Delta-Cadinene, Linoleic-Acid, Nerolidol, Selenium, Tin, Zinc
AntiacrodynicNiacin
AntiadenomicBeta-Sitosterol, Farnesol
AntiageAscorbic-Acid, Chromium
AntiagingAscorbic-Acid, Beta-Carotene, Chromium, Quercetin
AntiakathisicIron
AntialdosteronicGlycine
AntiallergicCalcium, Kaempferol, Linalool, Niacin, Quercetin
AntialzheimeranQuercetin, Thiamin, Zinc
AntiamblyopicNiacin
AntianaphylacticLinalool, Linoleic-Acid, Quercetin
AntianemicIron, Manganese
AntianginalMagnesium, Niacin
AntianorexicZinc
AntianxietyCalcium, Magnesium
AntiarterioscleroticLinoleic-Acid, Silicon
AntiarthriticZinc
AntiatheroscleroticAscorbic-Acid, Calcium, Chromium, Magnesium, Quercetin
AntibackacheThiamin
AntibacterialOxyasiaticoside
Anticancer (cervix)Beta-Elemene, Beta-Sitosterol
Anticarcinomic (breast)Quercetin
AnticardiospasmicThiamin
AntichilblainNiacin
AnticoeliacZinc
AnticoliticQuercetin, Thiamin, Zinc
AnticomplementaryQuercetin
AnticonvulsantLinalool, Magnesium, Myrcene, Niacin
AnticorneoticChromium
Anticrohn'SAscorbic-Acid, Quercetin, Zinc
AntidandruffSelenium, Zinc
AntidecubiticAscorbic-Acid, Riboflavin, Thiamin
AntidepressantAscorbic-Acid, Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, Quercetin
AntidiabeticInositol
AntidiscoticManganese
AntidoteMethanol
Antidote (aluminum)Ascorbic-Acid, Calcium
Antidote (mercury)Selenium
Antidote (paraquat)Ascorbic-Acid
AntidyskineticManganese
AntiedemicAscorbic-Acid, Asiaticoside, Beta-Sitosterol, Betulinic-Acid, Caryophyllene-Oxide, Glucose, Linalool, Madecassoside
AntielastaseIsoquercitrin, Quercetin
AntiescherichicQuercetin
AntifatiguePotassium, Thiamin
AntifeedantAlpha-Pinene, Beta-Sitosterol, Camphor, Caryophyllene-Oxide, Gamma-Terpinene, Isoquercitrin, Limonene, Nerolidol, Quercetin
AntifibrosarcomicQuercetin
AntigastricQuercetin
AntigastriticGlycine, Thiamin
AntigingiviticAscorbic-Acid, Kaempferol
AntigliomicBeta-Elemene
AntiglycosuricChromium
AntigonadotrophicBeta-Sitosterol
AntigtfQuercetin
AntihepatomicSaponins
AntihepatotoxicAscorbic-Acid, Glucose, Lignoceric-Acid, Quercetin, Stigmasterol, Tannin
AntiherpeticZinc
AntihistaminicAscorbic-Acid, Kaempferol, Linalool, Linoleic-Acid, Niacin, Quercetin
AntihivBetulinic-Acid, Methanol, Quercetin, Tannin
AntihydrophobicQuercetin
AntihyperammonemicGlutamic-Acid
AntihyperkeratoticBeta-Carotene
AntihyperlipoproteinaemicBeta-Sitosterol
AntihypertensiveAscorbic-Acid, Calcium, Fiber, Magnesium, Potassium, Quercetin, Tannin
AntiimplantationKaempferol
AntiinfectiveZinc
AntiinflammatoryAlpha-Pinene, Ascorbic-Acid, Asiaticoside, Beta-Pinene, Beta-Sitosterol, Betulinic-Acid, Caryophyllene-Oxide, Elaidic-Acid, Isoquercitrin, Kaempferol, Limonene, Linalool, Linoleic-Acid, Madecassoside, Magnesium, Oleic-Acid, Quercetin, Stigmasterol
AntiinsomniacCalcium, Magnesium, Zinc
AntiinsomnicNiacin
AntikeratiticRiboflavin
AntikeshanSelenium
AntiketoticGlucose
AntileishmanicQuercetin
AntilipolyticTannin
AntilithicCamphene
AntilupusBeta-Carotene
AntilymphocyticKaempferol
AntimastiticBeta-Carotene
AntimeaslesAscorbic-Acid
AntimelanomicBetulinic-Acid, Farnesol, Geraniol, Quercetin, Selenium
Antimeniere'SNiacin
AntimigraineAscorbic-Acid, Magnesium, Riboflavin, Thiamin
AntimorphinicAspartic-Acid
AntimutagenicAscorbic-Acid, Beta-Carotene, Beta-Sitosterol, Kaempferol, Limonene, Myrcene, Pectin, Quercetin, Saponins, Tannin
AntimyalgicSelenium
AntimyocarditicQuercetin, Thiamin
AntineuralgicCamphor, Niacin, Thiamin
AntineurasthenicThiamin
AntineuropathicThiamin
AntineuroticMagnesium
AntiobesityAscorbic-Acid, Chromium, Fiber, Limonene, Pectin, Zinc
AntiophidicBeta-Sitosterol, Stigmasterol, Tannin
AntiorchiticAscorbic-Acid
AntioxidantAscorbic-Acid, Beta-Carotene, Beta-Sitosterol, Campesterol, Camphene, Gamma-Terpinene, Isoquercitrin, Kaempferol, Myrcene, Palmitic-Acid, Quercetin, Selenium, Stigmasterol, Tannin
AntipancreatiticQuercetin
AntiparkinsonianAscorbic-Acid, Niacin
AntipellagricNiacin, Riboflavin
AntiperiodonticKaempferol
AntiperistalticQuercetin
AntiperoxidantQuercetin
AntipharyngiticQuercetin
AntiphotophobicBeta-Carotene, Riboflavin
AntipmsBeta-Carotene, Calcium, Magnesium, Quercetin
AntipolioQuercetin
AntiporphyricBeta-Carotene
AntiproliferantBeta-Carotene, Beta-Elemene, Quercetin, Selenium
AntiprostanoidQuercetin
AntiprostatiticBeta-Sitosterol, Glutamic-Acid, Glycine, Linoleic-Acid, Quercetin, Zinc
AntipruriticCamphor, Glycine
AntireniticTannin
AntirhinoviralBeta-Bisabolene, Beta-Sesquiphellandrene
AntisalmonellaGeraniol
AntiscotomicNiacin
AntisepticAlpha-Pinene, Alpha-Terpineol, Ascorbic-Acid, Beta-Pinene, Camphor, Geraniol, Kaempferol, Limonene, Linalool, Nerol, Zinc
AntishockLinalool
AntisicklingGlycine
Antispare-TireZinc
AntistaphylococcicAlpha-Pinene, Kaempferol
AntistressBeta-Carotene
AntistrokeMagnesium
AntithiaminQuercetin
AntitinniticZinc
AntitrypanosomicQuercetin
AntituberculicAsiaticoside
AntitumorAlpha-Humulene, Beta-Carotene, Betulinic-Acid, Caryophyllene-Oxide, Fiber, Geraniol, Isoquercitrin, Kaempferol, Limonene, Quercetin, Selenium, Tannin
Antitumor (brain)Selenium
Antitumor (cervix)Beta-Elemene, Beta-Sitosterol
Antitumor (pancreas)Geraniol, Limonene
Antitumor (skin)Quercetin
AntivaginiticAluminum
AntiviralZinc
AntixerophthalmicBeta-Carotene
AnxiolyticGlutamic-Acid
Ap-1-InhibitorSelenium
ApoptoticAscorbic-Acid, Beta-Elemene, Betulinic-Acid, Farnesol, Kaempferol, Limonene, Quercetin, Selenium
ArtemicideBeta-Sitosterol, Stigmasterol
AscaricideGeraniol
AstringentZinc
Atpase-InhibitorQuercetin
BacteristatQuercetin
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor BlockerAscorbic-Acid
Beta-Glucuronidase-InhibitorAscorbic-Acid
BronchorelaxantLinalool
Calcium-Channel-BlockerCalcium
Calmodulin-AntagonistQuercetin
CandidicideAluminum, Beta-Pinene, Beta-Sitosterol, Geraniol, Quercetin
CapillarigenicIsoquercitrin
CardiomyopathogenicCobalt
CardiotoxicPotassium
CarminativeCamphor
ChemopreventiveLimonene, Myrcene, Pectin
CholereticKaempferol, Oleic-Acid
Cns-DepressantBrahminoside, Brahmoside, Magnesium, Pyridine
Cns-StimulantCamphor, Geraniol
CollagenicAscorbic-Acid, Asiatic-Acid
ColorantBeta-Carotene
ComedolyticLinoleic-Acid
ConvulsantCamphor
Copper-ChelatorKaempferol, Quercetin
CosmeticCamphor, Stearic-Acid
Cox-1-InhibitorBeta-Carotene
CytotoxicBetulinic-Acid, Kaempferol, Quercetin
DeliriantCamphor
DemulcentPectin
DeodorantZinc
DiaphoreticKaempferol, Quercetin
DifferentiatorQuercetin
EcbolicCamphor
EmeticCamphor, Geraniol
EncephalopathicToluene
EpileptigenicCamphor
ErythrocytogenicCobalt
EstrogenicBeta-Sitosterol, Kaempferol, Quercetin, Stigmasterol
Fistula-PreventiveAscorbic-Acid
FlatugenicRaffinose
FlavorCobalt
FungiphilicLimonene
Glucosyl-Transferase-InhibitorQuercetin, Tannin
HemostatPectin, Quercetin
HepatomagenicQuercetin
HepatoprotectiveBeta-Sitosterol, Kaempferol, Linoleic-Acid, Niacin, Quercetin, Tannin
HistaminicLimonene
HypertensiveBrahminoside, Brahmoside, Sodium
HyperthermicPhellandrene
HypocholesterolemicCamphene
HypotensiveAscorbic-Acid, Astragalin, Calcium, Chromium, Fiber, Isoquercitrin, Kaempferol, Magnesium, Zinc
Icam-1-InhibitorKaempferol
ImmunostimulantAscorbic-Acid, Astragalin, Beta-Carotene, Phosphorus, Selenium, Zinc
Inos-InhibitorKaempferol, Quercetin
InsecticideAlpha-Pinene, Alpha-Terpineol, Caryophyllene-Oxide, Limonene, Linalool
InsectifugeAlpha-Pinene, Beta-Pinene, Camphene, Camphor, Gamma-Terpinene, Geraniol, Limonene, Linalool, Linoleic-Acid, Myrcene, Oleic-Acid, Thiamin, Trans-Beta-Farnesene
InsectiphileAlpha-Pinene, Geraniol, Isoquercitrin
InsulinogenicChromium, Magnesium, Quercetin, Zinc
Interferon-SynergistBeta-Carotene
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-InhibitorKaempferol
IrritantPhellandrene
JuvabionalFarnesol, Quercetin
LaxativeFiber
LipolyticLimonene
Lipoxygenase-InhibitorKaempferol, Quercetin, Tannin
Mao-A-InhibitorQuercetin
Mao-InhibitorKaempferol, Tannin
Memory-EnhancerGlucose
Metalloproteinase-InhibitorQuercetin
MucolyticAscorbic-Acid
MutagenicKaempferol, Quercetin
MycobactericideGeraniol
MyorelaxantLimonene, Magnesium, Myrcene
Nadh-Oxidase-InhibitorQuercetin
NematicideAlpha-Terpineol, Camphor, Farnesol, Geraniol, Limonene, Linalool, Linoleic-Acid, Nerolidol, Palmitic-Acid
NeuroexcitantAspartic-Acid
NeuroinhibitorGlycine
No-InhibitorKaempferol, Quercetin
No-Synthase-InhibitorQuercetin
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-InhibitorLimonene, Quercetin, Selenium, Tannin
Ozone-ScavengerLimonene
P450-2b1-InhibitorAlpha-Pinene, Camphor, Myrcene
P450-InhibitorQuercetin
PerfumeryCobalt
PeristalticPectin
PhagocytoticBeta-Carotene
PheromoneGermacrene-D
Phospholipase-A2-InhibitorBetulinic-Acid
PilogenicAsiaticoside
Prooxidant2, 3-Dihydrobenzofuran, Beta-Carotene, Linalool
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-InhibitorBetulinic-Acid, Quercetin
ProtisticideAsiaticoside, Kaempferol
Ptk-InhibitorQuercetin
RespirainhibitorCamphor
RespirastimulantCamphor
RoborantAspartic-Acid
SedativeAlpha-Pinene, Alpha-Terpineol, Brahminoside, Brahmoside, Farnesol, Geraniol, Limonene, Linalool, Nerol, Niacin, Stigmasterol
SerotoninergicNiacin
SoapPalmitic-Acid
SpasmogenicPhellandrene
SpermicideBeta-Sitosterol
StimulantCamphor
SweetenerInositol
TeratologicKaempferol, Quercetin
TermitifugeLinalool
Testosterone-InducerDelta-Cadinene
ThymoprotectiveBeta-Carotene
Topoisomerase-Ii-InhibitorCobalt, Oxyasiaticoside, Phellandrene, Raffinose, Toluene
TranquilizerAlpha-Pinene, Brahminoside, Brahmoside
TransdermalAlpha-Pinene, Alpha-Terpineol, Beta-Pinene, Camphor, Limonene
Tumor-PromoterOxyasiaticoside, Phellandrene, Raffinose, Toluene
TumorigenicQuercetin
Tyrosine-Kinase-InhibitorQuercetin
UlcerogenicBeta-Sitosterol
Urinary-AcidulantAscorbic-Acid
UterorelaxantBrahminoside, Brahmoside, Magnesium
VerrucolyticCamphor
VibriocideCamphor
VulneraryAlpha-Terpineol, Ascorbic-Acid, Asiaticoside, Zinc


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